Today I Learned

A Hashrocket project

Expecting change with RSpec #rails #testing #rspec

Usually when I try to test if a value has changed after a method has been called I will assert the initial value as one expectation followed by the action that changes it, and finally assert the value has changed.

For example this test will check if a user’s bad login attempts are incremented when the user.record_bad_login! method is called:

describe '#record_bad_login!' do
  let(:user) { FactoryGirl.create(:user) }

  it 'increments the bad login attempts count' do
    expect(user.failed_login_attempts).to eq(0)
    user.record_bad_login!
    expect(user.failed_login_attempts).to eq(1)
  end
end

RSpec provides us with a more straight forward way to “oneline” this type of test while making it more declarative:

describe '#record_bad_login!' do
  let(:user) { FactoryGirl.create(:user) }

  it 'increments the bad login attempts count' do
    expect { user.record_bad_login! }.to change { user.failed_login_attempts }.from(0).to(1)
  end
end

Read more here: https://www.relishapp.com/rspec/rspec-expectations/v/2-0/docs/matchers/expect-change

Looking for help? Each developer at Hashrocket has years of experience working with Ruby applications of all types and sizes. Contact us and find out how we can help you.