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ActiveRecord Dirty module

Rails provides a way to check if your model's attributes have changed since initially loading it from database. It also provides convenient methods for checking what the values were before the change using #{attribute_name}_was as in the example below.

# A newly instantiated object is unchanged:
person = Person.find_by_name('Uncle Bob')
person.changed?       # => false
# Change the name: = 'Bob'
person.changed?       # => true
person.name_changed?  # => true
person.name_was       # => 'Uncle Bob'
person.name_change    # => ['Uncle Bob', 'Bob'] = 'Bill'
person.name_change    # => ['Uncle Bob', 'Bill']
# Save the changes:
person.changed?       # => false
person.name_changed?  # => false

# Assigning the same value leaves the attribute unchanged: = 'Bill'
person.name_changed?  # => false
person.name_change    # => nil
# Which attributes have changed? = 'Bob'
person.changed        # => ['name']
person.changes        # => { 'name' => ['Bill', 'Bob'] }
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